Þingvellir is one of the national parks that are on the northern shore in Iceland. Furthermore, it is one of the oldest existing parliaments in the world, which makes it important in Icelandic history. Þingvellir is also labelled as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Þingvellir is important because of its history yet it is also famed for its unique geology and natural features. The Almannagjá canyon is found here between two tectonic plates, which provide a visual display of continental drift. Tourists love coming to Þingvellir to fish and scuba dive.
Various fish and other water creatures are found in Iceland’s biggest lake, Þingvallavatn, since the regular influx of groundwater allows the condition of the water to remain good. This lake is said to be home to the largest brown trout and chair that is available in the world.
Travelling to the National Park
There are several ways to get to the national park, which is about forty-five km northeast of Reykjavik.
First, you have to get on road no. 1 and head north to leave Reykjavik. Once you have passed the town of Mosfellsbaer, you will then take the first exit on your right when you reach the roundabout. This will put you on road no. 36 heading towards Thingvellir. This is the main route to reach the national park, and during the winter season, it will be clear for driving.
Alternatively, if you are visiting during the summertime you could head towards Hveragerdi/Selfoss on road no. 1. Once out of Reykjavik, turn left on road no 431 and follow it until you get to road no 435. This road will allow you to see some scenic areas of Iceland such as the Hengill volcano, where you can see amazing views of Lake Thingvallavatn. When you get down the mountain, you will want to make a left turn on road no 360 and drive approximately 11 km and turn right onto road no 36. This road will carry you about 8 km and then you will see the visitor’s center of the national park.
When taking this route – road no 435 – remember that it is closed during the winter because of snow. You should always make sure you check the conditions before driving this route too.
Iceland Travel Guide – Reykjavík (Iceland)